Mediterranean Gardening France


Plant lists / Listes de plantes

Plants suitable for Hedges

Plants should be pruned hard to create a thick hedge. This may seem counter-productive but it works. Hard pruning will encourage strong side-growths which in turn should be pruned to produce new stronger side-growths. The principle is to break apical dominance. To grow an acacia hedge, use young plants, pinch the growing tip at the desired height, and continue to pinch (cut or prune) growing tips.

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Abelia x grandiflora
Rose/white flowers and long season, July – October.
Bronze autumn colour.
Acacia baileyana ‘Marechal Joffre‘
Abundant yellow flowers in December/January.
Origin Mediterranean basin. Drooping habit, attractive to bees, lime tolerant.
Acacia covenyi
Blue wattle, flowers February – April.
Attractive year-round silver-blue foliage. Lime tolerant. Hardy to -6°C.
Acacia pravissima
Drooping habit, red flower buds and abundant yellow flowers.
Evergreen, blue-green phyllodes (leaves). Lime tolerant. Non-invasive.
Acacia x hanburyana
Leaves white/blue and persistent. Yellow flowers Jan – Feb.
Not lime tolerant, may show iron deficiency. Non-invasive.
Arbutus andrachne
Brilliant green evergreen foliage. Bell-shaped white flowers in late spring.
Bark can be multicoloured, red/brown, peeling. Tolerates alkaline soils.
Arbutus unedo
Deep green evergreen foliage, red tinged shoots. Bell-shaped white flowers, followed by red strawberry-like fruits.
Lime tolerant. Hardy to -12C.
Buddleja ‘Lochinch‘
Deciduous, grey-green leaves, fragrant blue/violet flowers in June/July.
Semi- persistent, non-invasive. Attracts bees. Tolerates alkaline soil. Old hybrid.
Bupleurum fruticosum
Evergreen, dark blue-green foliage. Abundant yellow umbels, June – Sept.
Attracts bees. Tolerates alkaline and coastal conditions.
Buxus sempervirens
Small shrub for topiary and edging. Susceptible to disease (Box blight, Cylindrocladium buxicola) and moths (Box tree caterpillar, Cydalima perspectalis).
Not recommended until superior varieties have been identified.
Ceanothus ‘Concha‘
Evergreen. Deep blue flowers, April/May.
Attracts bees. Tolerates alkaline conditions.
Choisya ternata ‘Aztec Pearl‘
Mock orange. Evergreen, aromatic leaves. Very perfumed white flowers in April/May and in autumn.
Attracts bees. Tolerates alkaline soils.
Cornus sanguinea
Wild dogwood. Young branches are red.
Attracts various forms of wildlife.
Cotoneaster lacteus
Evergreen, attractive oval leaves, white flowers and red berries.
Allow flowering/fruiting before clipping into a hedge.
Dodonaea viscosa ‘Purpurea‘
Evergreen, copper/purple foliage in the autumn.
Withstands windy conditions.
Eleagnus x ebbingei
Evergreen, attractive glossy grey/green leaves. Fragrant bell-shaped flowers in autumn.
Superior cultivars.
Erica arborea
Tree heather. Fragrant bell-shaped flowers.
Requires acid soil.
Laurus nobilis
Evergreen,aromatic leaves. Small yellow flowers followed by black berries.
Clip to maintain shape. Thrives in most Mediterranean conditions.
Leucophyllum frutescens
Semi-evergreen leaves, sometimes grey/green. Intense violet-purple flowers in August/Sept.
Prefers alkaline soils. Easily clipped into hedge. Native to Texas.
Lonicera implexa 
Evergreen honeysuckle. Strongly perfumed flowers.
Attracts greenfly. Native to Malta.
Medicago arborea
Evergreen, dark green leaves. Yellow flowers from spring to late winter.
Attracts bees. Tolerates alkaline soils.
Myrtus communis subsp. tarentina
Evergreen, small dark dense leaves. Abundant, fragrant white flowers, then white fruits.
Wind resistant.
Nerium oleander
Evergreen, strong grower. Tip prune regularly.
Many varieties. Best to ask a specialist grower for a suitable variety.
Phillyrea angustifolia
Evergreen, narrow, dark green leaves. Perfumed green/white flowers March – May followed by small blue/black berries.
Tolerates alkaline soils.
Photinia x fraseri ‘Red Robin‘
New growth is bronze red. New varieties exist with pink new growth.
Resistant to heat.
Pistacia lentiscus
Evergreen, dark green aromatic leaves with red/bronze leaf colour in autumn.
Fruits are rounded red, then black, berries.
Pistacia terebinthus
Deciduous, aromatic leaves, orange in the autumn.Insignificant flowers develop into red, then purple/brown, fruit in autumn.
Tolerates alkaline soils.
Pittosporum tobira
Evergreen, oval, glossy leaves. Perfumed cream/white flowers. Long flowering season, May -June.
Attracts bee. Tolerates alkaline conditions.
Poncirus trifoliata
Japanese bitter orange. Evergreen, spiny, dark green leaves. Fragrant white flowers in late spring.
Also flowers sometimes in the autumn. Small yellow fruits.
Punica granatum
Decidous. Bright red, sometimes orange, or mottled flowers.
Edible fruits are large, round, yellow to orange to brown. Many cultivars.
Rhamnus alaternus
Evergreen, brilliant grey/green leaves. Small yellow green flowers followed by red then black fruit.
Tolerates alkaline conditions.
Rosa ‘Aimée Vibert‘
Double flowers, pure white with yellow stamens. Long flowering season into late autumn.
Disease resistant. A climber, so some pruning required!
Rosa ‘Queen of Sweden‘
Soft pink flowers, myrrh perfume. Repeat flowering.
Disease resistant. Grows in poor soil.
Rosa ‘Roseraie de l‘Haÿ‘
Strongly scented red/purple flowers, to 11 cm wide in summer/autumn.
Disease resistant. Happy in poor soil.
Spartium junceum
Broom. Bright yellow flowers in spring.
To maintain a compact hedge habit, trim in early spring.
Teucrium fruticans ‘Ouarzazate‘
Grey/green leaves and deep blue-violet flowers. Long flowering season.
Fast-growing, needs frequent trimming.
Viburnum tinus
Large evergreen. Small white flowers followed by metal-blue berries in autumn.
Tolerates neglect.
Vitex agnus-castus var. latifolia
Deciduous. Abundant blue flowers June – July.
Tolerates alkaline conditions.