Mediterranean Gardening France

FAQ

Plant lists / Listes de plantes

Flowering Trees and Conifers

Seeds for many of these plants are available from the MGF Seed Collection / Beaucoup de graines de ces plantes sont disponibles dans la Collection de graines de MGF
Click on the thumbnail images to enlarge them / Cliquez sur les vignettes pour les agrandir
 
Acacia retinodes ‘Lisette‘
Mimosa des quatre saisons. Flowers most of the year, perfumed.
Grows in alkaline soils, cold resistant to -5-8 C. Height 4-5m.
Acacia spp.
A family with many species/cultivars.
Photo: Acacia dealbata
Acer monspessulanum
Montpellier maple, autumn colour.
Height 5-11m.
 
Aesculus californica
Californian horse-chestnut, perfumed white/pink flowers.
May need training to one stem. Height to 8m, spread to 10m.
Albizia julibrissin
Attractive pink/pale lilac feathery flowers.
Height 5-15m.
Catalpa bignonioides
Strong grower, very large leaves, needs shelter from Mistral, stake.
Large fragrant white flowers, attractive to bees, bean-shaped fruit. Height 8-15m.
Ceiba speciosa
syn. Chorisia speciosa
Trunk has stout spines and swollen base. Attractive pink/red flowers.
May need protection. Height 9-15m.
Celtis australis
Good shade tree, tolerant to heat and drought.
Height 10-20m.
Cercis canadensis ‘Forest Pansy‘
Attractive mottled brown foliage.
Height 3-10m.
Cercis siliquastrum
The Judas tree. Early striking white to mauve flowers.
Height 3-10m.
Chilopsis linearis
Train as a standard tree, pink/mauve flowers in summer.
Very drought resistant. Height 5-10m.
Citrus trifoliata
syn. Poncirus trifoliata
Spiny small tree. Fragrant white flowers and small, bitter orange fruits.
Height 1-4m.
Cotinus obovatus
Pink-grey flowers, scarlet autumn colour.
Height to 10m, spread to 8m.
Crataegus azarolus
Mediterranean hawthorn, coloured autumn fruits.
Height 3-8m.
Diospyros kaki
Spreading tree, autumn colour. Large, orange, edible fruits
Height 5-15m.
Erythrina crista-galli
Attractive red flowers. Only hardy in sheltered areas with minimal frost.
Height 2-3m.
Ficus carica
Grow as a tree on single stem. Large leaves, edible fruits.
Photo: Ficus carica ‘Ronde de Bordeaux‘
Fraxinus ornus
Native Mediterranean tree with scented white flowers in late summer.
Height 5-15m.
FRUIT TREES
A wide selection of dwarf and standard fruit trees are available, ornamental as well as productive.
Photo: Prunus avium ‘Bigarreau Moreau‘
Gleditsia triacanthos f. inermis ‘Sunburst‘
Non-thorny cultivar, yellow foliage in autumn.
 
Koelreuteria bipinnata
Small/medium tree with summer flowers.
Koelreuteria paniculata
Showy panicles of golden-yellow flowers, impressive, autumn colour.
Easy to grow from seed. Height 5-8m.
 
Laburnum anagyroides
Large pea-like yellow flowers, prone to pucerons.
Height 5-7m.
Lagerstroemia indica
Tree, or large shrub, with prominent many coloured flower panicles.
Attractive bark. Height 2-8m.
Melia azedarach
Spreading, fast growing, with fragrant star-shaped lilac flowers.
Yellow fruits remain on tree throughout winter. Height 5-15m.
Morus alba
White mulberry. Large tree, autumn colour.
Food leaves of the silkworm. Height 6-15m.
 
Morus nigra
Black mulberry. Edible fruits.
Height 6-15m.
Acca sellowiana
Guava. Red flowers, edible fruits, requires training.
Height 2m.
Arbutus unedo
The strawberry tree. Bell shaped white flowers and red fruits in autumn.
Height 3-6m.
Arbutus x andrachnoides
Red branches, all-year-round interest.
Height 4-8m.
Arbutus xalapensis
syn. A. texana
The Texas madrone. Orange-brown peeling bark.
Height 5-15 m.
Ceanothus arboreus ‘Trewithin Blue‘
Small tree covered in deep blue flowers in March/April.
Height 4-8m.
Chamaerops humilis
Mediterranean fan palm.
Height 5m.
Citrus junos
Yuzu. Cold resistant to -9°C.
Photo: http://Daleysfruit.com.au
Citrus sp.
Fragrant white flowers, may need protection.
Eriobotrya japonica
Loquat. Fragrant white flowers, edible fruit.
Height 2-10m.
Eucalyptus spp.
Most tolerate frosts to -5°C, but some species much more hardy.
Height 10-50m.
Photo: Eucalyptus woodwardii
Laurus nobilis
Aromatic leaves, used in cooking, grow as a standard.
Height 2-20m.
 
Ligustrum japonicum
Used as hedging and as a street tree, variegated.
Height 3m.
Magnolia grandiflora
Fragrant large white flowers followed by rose-coloured fruits.
Height 5-30m.
Nerium oleander
Wide range of colours. Can be grown as a standard.
Height 2-6m.
Photo: Nerium oleander ‘Barcelona‘
Olea europaea
No Mediterranean garden should be without one!
Height 5-15m.
 
Phillyrea latifolia
Grow as a standard. Fragrant green/white flowers.
Height 2m.
 
Pistacia chinensis
Small/medium tree, magnificent red autumn foliage.
Height to 20m.
Pistacia lentiscus
Mediterranean tree with leathery leaves and small red fruits.
Height 1-4m.
Quercus ilex
Versatile Mediterranean tree.
Height 20m.
Quercus suber
The cork oak.
Good for acid soils and near the coast.
Schinus molle
Good shade tree but needs protection from frost.
Used as a street tree. Height 8-15m.
Cupressus macrocarpa
Monterey cypress, many cultivars. Height 15m.
Image: Bernard Trainor and associates
Cupressus sempervirens
Italian cypress, many cultivars.
Can grow over 20m high.
Juniperus oxycedrus
Known in France as ‘cade’ .
Untidy Mediterranean tree, ideal for a wild garden.
Pinus halepensis
Aleppo pine, native to the Mediterranean region.
Height 10-20m.
 
Pinus pinaster
Maritime pine, native to the Mediterranean region.
Height 20-30m.
Pinus pinea
Umbrella pine, another Mediterranean native.
Can be grown in containers. Height to 18m.